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About Solar Energy
Solar power is energy from the sun that is transformed into thermal or electrical energy.
Solar energy is the cleanest and most abundant renewable resource source available, and the United States has some of the richest solar resources worldwide. Modern innovation can harness this energy for a variety of usages, consisting of producing electricity, supplying light or a comfortable interior environment, and heating water for domestic, commercial, or industrial usage.
Solar power makes it possible for homeowner to utilize the sun to power everyday life: running your air conditioning system, cleaning clothing, watching TELEVISION, cooking dinner. All while minimizing your carbon footprint, and without burning nonrenewable fuel sources or putting a strain on the electrical grid. And while the environmental advantages of solar power are substantial, many residents discover that the convenience, unique functions, and cost savings of owning a solar power system are a lot more attractive.
Top 10 Advantages of Solar Energy
#1 Dramatically minimize or even eliminate your electrical expenses
Whether you're a property owner, organization, or nonprofit, electricity costs can make up a large portion of your regular monthly costs. With a solar panel system, you'll create complimentary power for your system's whole 25+ year lifecycle. Even if you do not produce 100 percent of the energy you take in, solar will decrease your energy costs and you'll still conserve a great deal of loan.
#2 Make a fantastic return on your financial investment
Solar panels aren't a cost-- they're one of the very best methods to invest, with returns measuring up to those of more conventional financial investments like stocks and bonds. Thanks to substantial electricity costs savings, the average American house owner pays off their photovoltaic panel system in 7 to eight years and sees an ROI of 20 percent or more.
#3 Protect versus rising energy costs
One of the most clear cut benefits of solar panels is the capability to hedge energy costs. In the past 10 years, domestic electrical power costs have actually gone up by an average of 3 percent yearly. By purchasing a solar energy system now, you can repair your electrical power rate and protect against unforeseeable boosts in electrical power expenses. If you're an organisation or homeowner with ever-changing money flow, going solar likewise assists you better forecast and handle your costs.
#4 Increase your home or business worth
Several research studies have discovered that homes geared up with solar energy systems have greater home values and offer quicker than non-solar homes. Appraisers are significantly taking solar installations into consideration as they value homes at the time of a sale, and as property buyers end up being more informed about solar, demand for homes geared up with solar panel systems will continue to grow.
#5 Boost U.S. energy independence
The sun is a near-infinite source of energy and a key component of achieving energy independence in the United States. By increasing our capability to produce electrical power from the sun, we can likewise insulate our nation from rate changes in international energy markets.
#6 Create jobs and assist your regional economy
According to The Solar Foundation, the solar industry added tasks at a rate nearly 12 times faster than the total U.S. economy in 2015, representing 1.2 percent of all tasks in the nation. This growth is anticipated to continue. Due to the fact that solar-related tasks tend to be greater paying and can not be outsourced, they are a considerable factor to the U.S. economy.
#7 Secure the environment
Solar is a fantastic method to minimize your carbon footprint. Buildings are accountable for 38 percent of all carbon emissions in the United States, and going solar can considerably decrease that number. A normal residential solar panel system will eliminate 3 to 4 tons of carbon emissions each year-- the equivalent of planting over 100 trees every year.
#8 Show your dedication to sustainability
Sustainability and corporate social obligation are very important components of an organization's culture and values. They also produce bottom line outcomes. Progressively, consumers and communities are acknowledging and rewarding businesses that opt to run properly. Companies are finding that "green" credentials are an effective chauffeur of customer getting decisions, producing goodwill and improving business outcomes.
#9 Start Conserving from Day 1
Solar purchase power arrangements (PPAs) and solar leasing has actually made it possible for homeowners to go solar for little or no cash down.
Numerous homeowners choose to fund their solar panels with one of the "pay-as-you-go" financing options. This indicates that a third-party business-- the solar provider-- owns the planetary system and takes care of setup, upkeep, monitoring and repairs. You just pay the solar service provider for electrical energy-- less than you would've paid the energy business.
As of June 2013, 75% of all American houses have access to pay-as-you-go solar.
#10. Solar is a Secure Financial investment
The energy companies are notorious for their changing and unreliable electrical energy prices. There is plainly an upward pattern.
With photovoltaic panels and simple math, we can calculate how much electricity will be generated, and most importantly, at what cost, for a minimum of the next Twenty Years (repaired energy costs).
What are the various payment options?
We have many flexible purchasing agreements for customers who would like to install a new home solar system. There are three different payment options, making them a viable choice for customers of all budgets. The payment options include Lease, PPA, and Purchase.
- Low, fixed payments each month
- System insurance for 20 years, including maintenance
- Flexible end-of-term options, including system upgrade, lease extension, and free panel removal
Power Purchase Agreement (PPA)
- We own the solar panel system
- $0 down for installation
- Customers only pay for the solar energy that they use
- Customer pays for the system upfront and owns the system
- System monitoring and maintenance for 20 years
- Receive 30% federal tax credit
- See a return on investment within 7-10 years
What happens when the contract for my lease is finished?
We provide our customers with a few different options for when their lease contract is up. Customers can upgrade their equipment to the newest solar technology available, extend the agreement, or have the panels removed at no cost.
What is the warranty?
The Lease and PPA include a 20-year warranty during the lifetime of the system. This warranty exceeds that of most other solar installers’ warranties.
Frequently Asked Questions
How Do I Build Solar Panels?
I Need To Know What Materials I Need And Instructions On Putting It Together
The following steps were taking directly out of a DIY guide I offer to those who would like to run their homes on solar power, reducing their monthly utility bills or even selling power back the electrical companies. The entire guide is available at http://www.agua-luna.com/diy_guides.html. It’s pretty simple but if you have any problems feel free to email us directly at [email protected] we can walk you threw the process.
Materials you will need…
A sheet of copper flashing from the hardware store. This normally costs about $5.00 per square foot. We will need about half a square foot.
Two alligator clip leads.
A sensitive micro-ammeter that can read currents between 10 & 50 microamperes. Radio Shack sells small LCD multimeters that will do, but I used a small surplus meter with a needle.
An electric stove. My kitchen stove is gas, so I bought a small one-burner electric hotplate for about $25. The little 700 watt burners probably won't work -- mine is 1100 watts, so the burner gets red hot.
A large clear plastic bottle off of which you can cut the top. I used a 2 liter spring water bottle. A large mouth glass jar will also work.
Table salt. We will want a couple tablespoons of salt.
Sand paper or a wire brush on an electric drill.
Sheet metal shears for cutting the copper sheet.
The first step is to cut a piece of the copper sheeting that is about the size of the burner on the stove. Wash your hands so they don't have any grease or oil on them. Then wash the copper sheet with soap or cleanser to get any oil or grease off of it. Use the sandpaper or wire brush to thoroughly clean the copper sheeting, so that any sulphide or other light corrosion is removed.
Next, place the cleaned & dried copper sheet on the burner & turn the burner to its highest setting.
As the copper starts to heat up, you will see beautiful oxidation patterns begin to form. Oranges, purples, & reds will cover the copper.
As the copper gets hotter, the colors are replaced with a black coating of cupric oxide. This is not the oxide we want, but it will flake off later, showing the reds, oranges, pinks, & purples of the cuprous oxide layer underneath.
The last bits of color disappear as the burner starts to glow red.
When the burner is glowing red-hot, the sheet of copper will be coated with a black cupric oxide coat. Let it cook for a half an hour, so the black coating will be thick. This is important, since a thick coating will flake off nicely, while a thin coat will stay stuck to the copper.
After the half hour of cooking, turn off the burner. Leave the hot copper on the burner to cool slowly. If you cool it too quickly, the black oxide will stay stuck to the copper.
As the copper cools, it shrinks. The black cupric oxide also shrinks. But they shrink at different rates, which makes the black cupric oxide flake off.
The little black flakes pop off the copper with enough force to make them fly a few inches. This means a little more cleaning effort around the stove, but it is fun to watch.
When the copper has cooled to room temperature (this takes about 20 minutes), most of the black oxide will be gone. A light scrubbing with your hands under running water will remove most of the small bits. Resist the temptation to remove all of the black spots by hard scrubbing or by flexing the soft copper. This might damage the delicate red cuprous oxide layer we need to make to solar cell work.
Cut another sheet of copper about the same size as the first one. Bend both pieces gently, so they will fit into the plastic bottle or jar without touching one another. The cuprous oxide coating that was facing up on the burner is usually the best side to face outwards in the jar, because it has the smoothest, cleanest surface.
Attach the two alligator clip leads, one to the new copper plate, & one to the cuprous oxide coated plate. Connect the lead from the clean copper plate to the positive terminal of the meter. Connect the lead from the cuprous oxide plate to the negative terminal of the meter.
Now mix a couple tablespoons of salt into some hot tap water. Stir the saltwater until all the salt is dissolved. Then carefully pour the saltwater into the jar, being careful not to get the clip leads wet. The saltwater should not completely cover the plates -- you should leave about an inch of plate above the water, so you can move the solar cell around without getting the clip leads wet.
now place in the sun with the magnified on top.
The solar cell is a battery, even in the dark, & will usually show a few microamps of current.
That’s it it’s that simple. If you’d a more detailed process & some pics (couldn’t put them here) it’s available along with some other DIY alternative energy projects at www agua-luna com
Hope this helped, feel free to contact me personally if you have any questions if you’d like assistance in making your first self sufficient steps, I’m willing to walk you step by step threw the
Why Are Solar Panels Effected By Operating Temperature?
The Colder A Solar Panel Gets The More Efficient It Seems To Be. As The Panel Warms, It Loses Some Efficiency. Why Is This So? Please Explain In A Way You Would Expect A High School Kid To Understand It, As I Am A High-Schooler And I Have To Explain This To Other High-Schoolers.
Absolutely temperature matters. So what do higher temperatures do to solar photovoltaic panels? As temperatures rise, the efficiency of solar panels decreases. Heat causes electrical resistance to the flow of electrons. On days where the temperature is more than 75 degrees, the electrical resistance makes the voltage fall thereby producing less kilowatts per hour. Your roof is much hotter than temperatures on the ground. That’s why solar panels are not mounted flat to a roof. There’s usually a few inches of spaces between the panels and roof so air flow can easily pass through and cool the panels down.
There are some photovoltaic panels that are designed specifically to operate in hotter temperatures. These panels have a higher temperature coefficient. This is especially important in high heat climates like Arizona or New Mexico, but probably wouldn’t make too much of a difference in New England (except maybe this year). If someone lives in one of these areas, they should speak to a solar installer to make sure they are using they right equipment for their region.
Please note: Solar thermal panels used to heat water can withstand high temperatures without any degradation. In fact, hotter temperatures would actually be better for these types of modules.
How Can I Help Stop Global Warming?
Even Though I Am A Teenager! I Still Really Want To Help Stop Global Warming... What Can I Do To Help?
I would like to share with you our Future Scientists Clubs experience in this regard.
Google partnered with Global SchoolNet to invite teachers and students to use Google Docs & Spreadsheets collaborative software in a project to brainstorm strategies for combating global warming. Children of all ages from more than 80 schools around the world participated, and on November 27th we took out a full-page ad in USA Today to put their ideas in the spotlight. Without further ado, here are their top 50 ideas:
1.Include global warming/climate change in school curricula (as part of National Science Standards), so when the students are in charge they can make educated decisions.
2.Increase availability of low-interest Energy Efficient Mortgages to support homeowners who increase the energy efficiency of their homes.
3.Put light sensors in all office and school buildings so all lights go off when the rooms are empty.
4.Require that all products contributing to global warming be marked with a specific color (e.g., chemical pesticides could be marked with a red sticker for being extremely dangerous to the environment).
5.Use less paper; use the back of the paper to print on or write on; use recyled paper.
6.Plant more trees to reduce carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
7.Teach recycling techniques in classes and school-wide programs.
8.Make recycling mandatory in all public facilities, such as schools, parks and beaches.
9.Do public service announcements on TV featuring celebrities promoting carpooling, walking, riding bikes, using public transportation, conserving electricity and recycling.
10.Give grants and tax credits to companies that invest in alternative, sustainable, emission-free fuel technologies while ending such subsidies for fosssil fuel production.
11.The media should conduct interviews of legislators to help the public become aware of their ability and willingness to help solve the problem.
12.Replace incandescence light bulbs with fluorescence light bulbs.
13.Restrict the use of chemical fertilizer in agriculture.
14.Provide incentives and policies to encourage car makers to make more fuel efficient cars.
15.Protect wetlands and preserve more open space.
16.Provide tax incentives for regular recyclers and car poolers.
17.Use solar panels in the construction of new homes and office buildings.
18.Substitute local community transportation fleets with hybrid vehicles.
19.Require that car dealers hand out fact sheets that inform car buyers about the pollution levels of different cars.
20.Send scientists to talk about global warming in schools. They can bring hands-on activities so students feel more involved.
21.Unplug all electronics from the wall when they're not in use.
22.Have another Global Warming Student Speakout in one year - to see if any of these ideas have been implemented.
23.Raise mandatory emissions standards for cars and other vehicles sold in the US.
24.Use solar power in the day and use electricity at night when needed.
25.Give tax rebates for using solar power.
26.Congress should ratify the Kyoto Agreement.
27.Establish off-shore wind farms - saves land space and produces reliable power.
28.Levy higher taxes on companies that pollute the air.
29.Wait until you have a lot of clothes to wash before using the washing machine.
30.Provide tax incentives for companies that create Hybrid cars. That will reduce the need for oil.
31.Schools and businesses should be fined for not having recycling bins available to the people on their premises.
32.The media should tell us about what is really going on with global warming. We don't think that we have all the information we need.
33.At the end of the weather forecast, report “CO2 emissions levels today…” or comparative average temperatures (i.e., this year's temperature as it compares to the past several years).
34.Lead by example and convert 50% of government vehicles to environmentally friendly cars by the year 2020.
35.Place recycling bins throughout the city wherever there is a trash can.
36.Require companies to limit the amount of packaging an item can have and it must be recyclable.
37.Block bills that cause more damage to the environment.
38.Media could reduce advertising costs for alternative energy products to inform and increase sales in these areas.
39.Keep your tires fully inflated to improve gas mileage.
40.Replace old appliances with Energy Star appliances.
41.Promote awareness of local recycling centers.
42.Require college and high school students to take a global warming class.
43.Give tax reductions to public transportation users.
44.Protect our oceans - prevent plankton in the ocean from dying.
45.People running for elections should use email, radio and other media to campaign and stop using so many paper signs and flyers that use up our natural resources and then get left out and become pollution.
46.Reuse newspapers as wrapping paper for gifts.
47.Enforce laws about littering.
48.Use less electricity, turn off the TV, read books, walk, run, bike, surf, play tennis.
49.Business should require employees to telecommute several days a week.
50.Provide scientists appropriate resources to help them research the future of energy and the freedom to explore innovative ideas. _results.html
Why Aren'T Solar Panels Required For New Large Homes?
With The Cost Of Electricity Going Up, Does This Not Make Sense Becuase Newer Mega Homes Require Way Above Average Usage Of Electricity.
Well, think of it this way. Why doesn't every house have a mulch pit behind it. Those are really good for the environment, they take care of waste, they fertilize the soil, and they are economical. Why doesn't every house come with low voltage electricity appliances? They're good because everyone wins. They cause lower electricity bills, lower electricity waste, less harm to the environment. Why isn't every car on the market a hybrid? They're great for the environment.
The answers are simpler than you think. People like you and I understand that those sorts of things are probably going to become commonplace in the future. The way the environment is headed everyone is going to have to use cleaner energy like solar panels. But they are ugly and expensive. Some communities have actually outlawed the use of solar pannels on rooves. Making these changes, like putting in lower electricity appliances and buying a hybrid car is expensive. You can't expect everyone to be able to afford to fix the situation right off. People come into changes gradually.
Here is a good example. In the last 20-30 years (I don't know exactly when, I'm sorry) they chnaged the standards for water use on faucets. Now showers don't just come in any old size. When you build a house or set up a bathroom you have to make showers that use only so much water. If you don't, I think you can be fined or taxed or something. The point is that these changes are happening, but they are coming about slowly.
The best thing to do is just do your part. Go buy a solar panel for your home and enjoy the fact that you pay less for electricity every year.
Why Is A Long, Winding Pipe Used For The Water Flow Inside The Solar Panel?
Oh And I Have Another Physics Question.. How Do You Calculate The Final Temperature Of The Water After Half An Hour, If He Gave You The Mass, The Energy Absorbed By The Solar Water Heater And The Initial Temperature? Like, What Formula Do You Use?
The long pipe is to get maximum surface area exposed to the hot air inside the solar panel.
It sounds like the problem given to you assumes that the water stays in the solar panel, and all the energy absobed by the panel goes into the water. In that case, you need to look up the concept of "specific heat", which for water, is 1 calorie per gram degree Celsius. For example, if you have 1 gram of water, and put in 5 calories of energy, the temperature goes up by 5 degrees C. Or if you had 50 grams of water, and put in 5 calories, the temperatrue goes up by 0.1 degree C. And so, forth, it's linear.
If the water is flowing through the panel, then calculating the exit temperature is a calculus problem, the kind given in the first year of college engineering.