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About Solar Energy
Solar power is energy from the sun that is transformed into thermal or electrical energy.
Solar energy is the cleanest and most abundant renewable resource source available, and the United States has some of the richest solar resources worldwide. Modern innovation can harness this energy for a variety of usages, consisting of producing electricity, supplying light or a comfortable interior environment, and heating water for domestic, commercial, or industrial usage.
Solar power makes it possible for property owner to utilize the sun to power everyday life: running your air conditioning unit, cleaning clothes, watching TELEVISION, cooking dinner. All while decreasing your carbon footprint, and without burning fossil fuels or putting a stress on the electrical grid. And while the environmental advantages of solar power are substantial, numerous home owners find that the benefit, special features, and expense savings of owning a solar power system are even more alluring.
Top Ten Benefits of Solar Energy
#1 Drastically reduce and even remove your electric expenses
Whether you're a house owner, company, or nonprofit, electricity expenses can make up a large part of your monthly costs. With a photovoltaic panel system, you'll generate complimentary power for your system's whole 25+ year lifecycle. Even if you do not produce One Hundred Percent of the energy you take in, solar will minimize your energy costs and you'll still save a lot of cash.
#2 Make a terrific return on your financial investment
Solar panels aren't an expenditure-- they're one of the very best ways to invest, with returns rivaling those of more conventional financial investments like stocks and bonds. Thanks to substantial electrical power bill cost savings, the average American homeowner settles their photovoltaic panel system in seven to eight years and sees an ROI of 20 percent or more.
#3 Secure versus increasing energy expenses
One of the most clear cut advantages of photovoltaic panels is the ability to hedge energy rates. In the previous 10 years, residential electrical power costs have actually gone up by an average of 3 percent annually. By investing in a solar energy system now, you can fix your electricity rate and secure against unpredictable boosts in electrical energy costs. If you're a company or property owner with ever-changing money flow, going solar likewise assists you better forecast and handle your expenditures.
#4 Boost your home or business worth
Numerous research studies have actually discovered that houses equipped with solar energy systems have higher residential or commercial property values and offer quicker than non-solar houses. Appraisers are increasingly taking solar installations into consideration as they value houses at the time of a sale, and as homebuyers become more educated about solar, demand for residential or commercial properties equipped with photovoltaic panel systems will continue to grow.
#5 Increase U.S. energy independence
The sun is a near-infinite source of energy and a crucial element of achieving energy self-reliance in the United States. By increasing our capacity to generate electricity from the sun, we can also insulate our country from price variations in worldwide energy markets.
#6 Create jobs and help your regional economy
According to The Solar Foundation, the solar market included tasks at a rate nearly 12 times faster than the total U.S. economy in 2015, representing 1.2 percent of all jobs in the nation. This growth is anticipated to continue. Since solar-related jobs tend to be higher paying and can not be outsourced, they are a significant contributor to the United States economy.
#7 Secure the environment
Solar is a fantastic method to minimize your carbon footprint. Buildings are accountable for 38 percent of all carbon emissions in the United States, and going solar can substantially reduce that number. A common property photovoltaic panel system will eliminate three to 4 lots of carbon emissions each year-- the equivalent of planting over 100 trees each year.
#8 Demonstrate your dedication to sustainability
Sustainability and corporate social responsibility are essential elements of a company's culture and values. They likewise produce bottom line results. Significantly, consumers and neighborhoods are recognizing and rewarding services that pick to operate responsibly. Businesses are discovering that "green" credentials are a powerful motorist of consumer buying choices, producing goodwill and improving company outcomes.
#9 Start Saving from Day 1
Solar purchase power agreements (PPAs) and solar leasing has actually made it possible for house owners to go solar for little or no loan down.
Numerous homeowners choose to finance their photovoltaic panels with one of the "pay-as-you-go" funding options. This means that a third-party business-- the solar company-- owns the planetary system and takes care of installation, upkeep, tracking and repair works. You simply pay the solar service provider for electricity-- less than you would've paid the utility company.
Since June 2013, 75% of all American houses have access to pay-as-you-go solar.
#10. Solar is a Secure Investment
The energy business are well-known for their varying and undependable electrical power prices. There is clearly an upward trend.
With solar panels and basic mathematics, we can determine how much electrical power will be created, and most significantly, at exactly what cost, for at least the next Twenty Years (fixed energy costs).
What are the various payment options?
We have many flexible purchasing agreements for customers who would like to install a new home solar system. There are three different payment options, making them a viable choice for customers of all budgets. The payment options include Lease, PPA, and Purchase.
- Low, fixed payments each month
- System insurance for 20 years, including maintenance
- Flexible end-of-term options, including system upgrade, lease extension, and free panel removal
Power Purchase Agreement (PPA)
- We own the solar panel system
- $0 down for installation
- Customers only pay for the solar energy that they use
- Customer pays for the system upfront and owns the system
- System monitoring and maintenance for 20 years
- Receive 30% federal tax credit
- See a return on investment within 7-10 years
What happens when the contract for my lease is finished?
We provide our customers with a few different options for when their lease contract is up. Customers can upgrade their equipment to the newest solar technology available, extend the agreement, or have the panels removed at no cost.
What is the warranty?
The Lease and PPA include a 20-year warranty during the lifetime of the system. This warranty exceeds that of most other solar installers’ warranties.
Frequently Asked Questions
What Isalternative To The 'Ship Breaking' Of Huge Ships (Eg Aircraft Carrier)That Has Become Environment Issue
Around The World, Old Naval Aircraft Carriers Are Scrapped Because They Have Exhausted Their ‘Military’ Life In Terms Of Metal Shield, Armament And The Communication Capabilities.
The Ship So Decommissioned By The Military Can Be Bought Below Its Scrap Value As Environment Concerns Put A Restriction To Its Disposal Process. A French Ship Recently Sent To India As Scrap Had To Go Through Government And Legal Hurdles Before It Was Allowed In Indian Territory. So Its Further Use As An Operating Ship Would Always Be Worthwhile As The Scrap Value Is Retained.
Product & Service
Such Redundant Ships Are Still Seaworthy And Can Be Positioned At High Seas On Rescue Missions. After Removal Of Heavy Artillery, Extra Fuel Tanks And Other Allied Military Equipment, It Can Be Suitably Modified To Create Space And Area That Can Be Used For
1.Producing & Storing Potable Water, Food & Medicine, Rescue Equipment And Fuel To Support The Rescue & Relief Operations.
2.Constructing Operation Theatres, Icu And Sick Quarters On Board.
3.Quarters For The Medical And Rescue Staff.
4.Short Term Refuge For Victims.
6.Communication And Watch Station.
Cyclones Are Detected And Tracked By Satellite As They Gather Strength. Experts Also Predict Within Reasonable Time The Area Where The Landfall Would Occur. Local Doctors, Fire-Fighters And Other Rescue Teams Are Themselves Subject To Disaster. But Still They Are The Best Persons As They Know The Local Language And The Local Terrain. If These Persons Are Removed From The Scene In Advance And Placed On This Aircraft Carrier Then After The Disaster They Can Be Flown In Straight From This Carrier And Efficiently Utilised As The Rescuers In The Area. The Sick And Infirm Can Be Brought On This Ship Before Or After The Disaster. This Need Not Be Limited To Cyclonic Disaster But Also Others Like Earth Quake And Fires In Se Asia Where There Are Island Nations.
Why A Ship For Such Rescue?
Cyclone Path Is Tracked By A Weather Centre For At Least 3 To 5 Days, Before It Hits The Land. The Location Can Be Predicted Within Several Kilometres. As Such If A Relief Ship Follows The Cyclone Path It Remains In A Safe Zone Behind The Storm, But At The Same Time, Is Immediately Available At The Location Close To The Disaster Area. A Cyclone After Making The Land Fall, Due To The Residual Storm Effect Keeps The Area For Many Crucial Hours Out Of Bounds For Approach And Rescue From The Land Side. Even Helicopters Cannot Fly In. Further Delay Takes Place After That Because The Relief Convoys Can Start Only After Assessing The Roads And Runways Conditions. In Many Countries Like In Africa Rescue Convoys Can Be Subjected To Loot On The Way. This Journey Then Takes Place On The Damaged Roads In Adverse Weather Conditions. The Air Journey After Such Confirmation May Take Further Many Hours To Reach The Nearest Airport Which It Self May Be Far. Most Of The Time With The Radio Communications Destroyed The Actual Requirement Cannot Be Assessed. In Such Cases It Normally Happens That Required Items Are Missing And Other Items Clutter The Available Storage Area. A Fleet Of Such Ships Can Be Acquired By United Nations And Can Be Positioned At Frequently Affected Locations Around The World.
Up Till Now The Relief Measures Start Taking Shape After The Disaster Is Struck And Governments React. The Cost Of Making Hundreds Of Flying Sorties Of Supplies From Say Europe To Se Asia Can Be Achieved By Sending The Closest Ship To The Area And Then Transporting Required Items To Shore In Hovercraft Or Barges. Being Lighter Than The Normal Military Equipped Ship It Can Navigate Closer To The Land.
A Team Of Medical Staff Could Be Earmarked For Particular Duty Periods And Familiarisation Trips Could Be Made During Normal Times To Achieve Better Efficiency.
The Cost Of Manning And Operation Of Such Fleet Could Be Very Low As It Does Not Require The Military Alertness And Defensive Maintenance. The Economy And Saving As Compared To Land And Air Transport Over Next Few Missions Would Itself Compensate For The Costs.
4.Who Is The End User Of This Idea / Product / Technology?
The End Users Are The Individual Nations Under The Auspices Of The United Nations..
5. The Unique Feature Of This Idea / Product / Technology And How Is This Different From Those Existing In The Market? Have You Done A Prior Art Search Through Website Or Other Means To Determine The Uniqueness / Novelty Of Your Idea / Product / Technology?
I Am Not Aware That Such Dedicated Rescue Ships Are In Use Any Where In The World. Whenever There Is A Disaster The Un Or Individual Nations Come Up With Their Own Plans To Provide Rescue. They Use Their Military Ships Which Can Offer Limited Space And Cannot Fulfil Long Term Multiple Missions. Chaos Occurs At Airports And Seaports. There Are Duplications And At Other Time There Are Language Problems, Written And Spoken. Main Load On These Flights Is Water Bottles, Tents And Blanket.
6.The Problems That The Envisioned Idea / Product / Technology Addresses
7.Is Anyone Else In The World Doing Similar Work (That You Are Aware Of) And Is A Similar Technology Already In Use?
Please See #5
8.Special Laboratory & Test Facilities Required For This Technology
A Ship-Building Yard Facility Would Be Required For The Conversion And Modification.
9.Which Tests Have Been Carried Out And What Were The Results?
Which Further Tests Remain To Be Carried Out?
10.Other Potential Uses / Applications Of The Idea / Product / Technology
During Normal Times It Can Be Used As A
•Watch Post For Military, Coast Guard, Customs
•Marine Training School.
•Oil Rig Or Sea Accidents Rescue And
•Oil Spillage Control.
Even though there are fewer ships entering the "mothball" fleet, any ships that are decommisioned are enormous. I would think the only alternative for such huge vessels is probably conversion-maybe with the growing need for clean energy some could be converted to solar panel energy collection sites.
Are There Plans To Build Solar Energy Plants And Wind Farms On The Same Land?
It Seems To Me That Wind Farms Don'T Block Very Much Light And Need Open Spaces. So Do Solar Farms. Can Be Designed To Be Implimented On The Same Land, Like Desserts For Instance
Of course its possible but think about it: You want to locate wind farms where it is consistantly windy most days of the year and the stronger the winds are the better. OTOH, you want to locate solar panels where the sun shines longest and strongest.
These two conditions are rarely co-existant. Wind farms located off the coast of Massachusetts generate a lot of electricity but are frequently in overcast conditions. The sun shines strong in the desert but the air is nearly calm by comparison most of the day, not conducive to wind power generation.
I suppose if you can find a windy, sunny place you can have both projects co-existing, but you still need to leave room and seperation so that each can be serviced and maintained by workmen with equipment.
Ocean going sailboats carry both wind and solar power generation systems to keep batterys charged, but usually only one system is producing while the other is near idling.
Whenever you "harvest" something you need to locate in an area where your "crop" can proliferate. Both solar and wind are only marginally efficient processes at best (I believe solar is about 16% efficient) under ideal conditions. Operating a marginal process at a marginal location makes the technique unsubstantial, which is to say it may cost more to build and operate the apparatus than it ever will be capable of generating over its lifetime. The optimum conditions for solar and wind are not exclusive, but rarely occur in the same place.
How Can You Make Heat Without Fire?
How Can You Produce Heat (Preferably In A Small Area About 1-6Cm). Without Fire Because I Ripped My High Speed Case Fan Out And Want To Make A Mini Heater.
You could make a Passive Solar Heater. :)
We make Passive Solar Heaters using plywood, black spray paint, a sheet of plexiglass, some glue, screws, and empty aluminum soda cans. These heaters work excellent for heating rooms of any size - as long as they are mounted in a spot of good, direct sunlight exposure.
On some models, we even place a mini 12volt whisper fan to draw the air out the hole at the top of the panel.
These heaters can reach temps well over 100 degrees F, in the winter.
We have free plans for D-I-Y on our myspace page: http://www.myspace.com/trinityenergies
They include a step by step construction process with photo-examples of a model we built.
If you have any questions along the way, feel free to message us and ask. :)
If A Home Could Produce 100% Of It'S Own Electricity, Would That Home Still Have To Be Connected To The Grid?
From The Research That I Have Done In My Area, It Looks Like The Tennessee Valley Authority Requires Homes Equipped With Solar Panels To Still Be Connected To Local Power Grids. Granted Any Power Generated Is Credited To Your Account; But Nevertheless, We Still Have To Sell Them The Power And In Turn Buy It Back. Also There Are Limitations On How Many Solar Panels You Are Allowed To Have Even Though Zero Energy Homes Do Exist Here. Does Anyone Have Any Information They Could Share About This? I Am Very Interested In Learning More About Alternative Energy Sources. Thanks.
I have to admit I dream of this, can you imagine most buildings with solar tiled roofs and a small windmill nearby creating enough electricity to cover the house most of the time with geo thermal heating and energy efficient building, most houses would save money in the long term and the load on power demand would be greatly reduced.
What Is The Real Cost Of Solar Panels?
How Much Per Sq Inch Do They Cost? Will I Have To Worry About Them Blowing Off During Hurricane Season? If The Sun Isnt Out For A Week Will My Power Go Out? Will I Have To Check Them Every Week And Check Which Ones Arent Working And Replace Them? Is There Anyway For Them To Be Damaged By Acid Rain Or Any Type Of Erosion Like Hail? When Do I Have To Replace Them? How Do I Dispose Of Old Ones (Like Recycling)? What Is Smarter And More Economical Having Few Big Panels Or Many Small Ones? I Know I Have Alot Of Questions But I Want A Good Detailed Answer.
Omigoodness, you're just full of curiosity, aren't you? Since these answers are readily available to anyone who knows how to use Yahoo (or the Big G), you may already have educated yourself by the time you read this; so bear with me!
First, let's define terms. When you say "solar panels" I'm going to assume you're referring to photovoltaic modules, also known as PV modules, which produce electricity from sunlight. There are other devices that could easily be described as solar panels, such as solar thermal collectors for water or air heating. In common usage, the term solar panels has come to mean PV modules, though we in the industry still tend to flinch a bit when we hear it!
1. How much per square inch do they cost?
Are you planning to buy tiny ones? The question is odd, since they are not sold by surface area, and the industry typically measures price in dollars per Watt of rated output. But a little arithmetic will yield your answer. There is a very wide range of prices and module sizes on the market because there is a very wide range of applications for PV. Prices at the Alternative Energy Store (where I work) range from $45.71 per rated Watt to as low as $4.39 per rated Watt (W). Why the huge range? Well, that higher price is for a hand-held small electronic device charger (think cell phones and iPods) that produces only 2 Watts of power in sunlight. Technically, that price is unfairly derived from the total cost of the product ($91.42) which includes the casing and adapters for charging various devices. In order to compare apples to apples, we need to stick to the same kinds of PV modules. So among modules only, without any additional parts, prices range up to about $26/Watt. The expensive ones are typically quite small (perhaps a square foot or so), and include such specialized modules as foldable units that use exotic elements in their manufacture. Most were designed for light weight and portability--- and you pay for advanced technology and convenience. I suspect you're more interested in the classic framed, glass-topped, stiff modules that can be seen here and there on commercial or public buildings and house rooftops. For such applications, the price range narrows further, from about $12-15/W (for small, low-Wattage modules, about 2-10W) down to the $4.40 price point. The large modules measure up to five feet or more in length and perhaps three feet in width (though shapes and sizes vary considerably among manufacturers). Most large-Wattage modules intended for significant energy production (homes and businesses) have prices per Watt in the $5.50-4.40 range, give or take a few cents.
So we're finally ready for price per square inch! The low end (large modules) is around $0.36/square inch, the high end (small or specialized modules) can be as high as $1.72/sq. in. Even in this simple analysis, there is room for equivocation--- I'm using the outer frame dimensions in my calculations but in most cases the entire measured surface area is not covered with electricity-producing PV cells or film, so the prices will tend to be higher, especially for the smaller modules. For our purposes, it's fair to say the range of price per square inch, for the modules you're likely interested in, is $0.36 - 0.60.
2. Will I have to worry about them blowing off during hurricane season?
Only if you live where there are hurricanes! Ha ha! Just kidding. We get calls all the time from Floridians (and others in hurricane-prone areas) who are naturally concerned about high wind survivability of proposed solar power installations. The answer lies not in the manufacture of the PV modules themselves, but in the methods and practices used in their installation. Most household modules are attached to rooftops using well-designed racking systems made by a number of different manufacturers. These systems have been designed to be installed according to specific instructions in order to meet wind load requirements. The issue of wind loading is a science in itself and the end result is that a PV array (a group of panels producing power for a home or business) is only as good as the roof it is attached to. Most household roof racks are designed to be lag-bolted to the roof's rafters, through the roof sheeting material (usually plywood or OSB). There are also roof racks, typically used on flat roofs, that do not use penetrations, but rely on ballast--- weight, such as concrete blocks or tiles--- to stay in place on the roof, and will perform well under certain wind load limits. In hurricane country, ballasted mounts probably aren't the best idea. Lag-bolted rack types, if properly installed, will provide security in all but the highest winds--- and then it's a question of which will fail first, the racks or the whole roof? It is possible that the roof itself could come off the house before well-installed PV array racks would come off the roof. The short answer is, of course you should be concerned about PV array mounting in relation to your location, but the racking systems are arguably only as good as your roof.
3. If the sun isn't out for a week, will my power go out?
No sun, no power. Solar PV modules only produce electricity when there is sunlight, and most modules only produce electricity (or any reasonable amount of it) when there is full sunlight. Clouds, tree shadows, bird droppings, chimney shadows--- all these can reduce your modules' output to near zero. In many cases, even shading a small corner of a PV module can essentially shut down your system.
The good news is that your household electrical circuits are not powered directly by the solar panels. Imagine what watching TV would be like if a few fair-weather clouds passed before the sun on a given day! On and off, on and off--- it would be madness. No, typical PV systems are designed either to feed the local utility grid through the wires that come to your home, or they feed batteries that your main circuit panels draw from to feed the household loads. You can also have a system that does both: feeds your batteries (usually for backup purposes), then sends any excess energy produced back to the utility grid. But in most grid-tied systems, your PV modules will be feeding the utility grid when they make power, and you will be using power from the grid whenever you turn on a load in the house. There are specific reasons for this arrangement that we needn't get into here, but the main question is: are you connected to an electric utility grid (the power company) or is your house out in the boonies without utilities? If you'reon the grid, the National Electric Code (NEC) mandates that your system MUST shut down when the grid goes down. And if you don't have battery backup (expensive!), you'll be out of power.
4. Will I have to check them every week and check which ones aren't working and replace them?
Generally, no. Most PV modules sold for house-scale energy production carry 20 year (or longer) warranties, so you know the manufacturers are planning for them to be in use for a very long time. While it is possible that a given module could fail, it is extremely unlikely to occur; and damage from weather is also relatively unlikely, as framed modules use tempered glass rated to survive typical hailstone impacts and to carry reasonable loads of snow. The only maintenance you should do is to check for anything that might shade the modules and thereby affect their performance. I'm serious about the bird droppings! Even a silver dollar-sized splotch could severely reduce your array output.
5. Is there anyway for them to be damaged by acid rain or any type of erosion like hail?
Very unlikely. Does acid rain damage your window glass? Glass is very stable, chemically, which is why it's used in chemistry labs! Most modules are framed in aluminum (sometimes anondized) which also is very stable under ambient weather conditions. I've mentioned hailstones above; only very large hailstones may present a problem by shattering the glass modules. Any shattered modules must be replaced, as water will eventually seep into them through the cracks, damaging or shorting them.
6. When do I have to replace them?
The very first modern PV module, made by Bell Labs in (I think) 1954, is still functional. That ought to give you an idea of longevity of this simple, solid-state technology. Cracking or shattering is the only significant concern facing outdoor use of modules. It is likely that the modules will continue to function (and possibly even within typical warranty specifications of 80% of rated power output) throughout your lifetime.
7. How do I dispose of old ones (like recycling)?
Good question. I don't know. Since even if there were some reason to replace a module (shattered glass, or perhaps you changed module types as you upgraded your system), it will likely still be capable of producing power, you might just resell it or give it to a school for classroom demonstrations. If you're serious about this, contact the module manufacturers and ask them.
8. What is smarter and more economical having few big panels or many small ones?
It depends on your application. When we at the Alternative Energy Store size a system for a customer, we do so on a custom basis. There is no one-size-fits-all approach, though some manufacturers offer package systems. There will always be issues with installation details (selecting rack sizes to avoid rooftop vents, for example) that will necessitate some customization. And the PV modules that are available on the market today for home-scale electricity production do not vary so widely that the issue will be of major import in pricing the system. There are some modules that I would recommend to certain customers that would not be appropriate for others; the determination is based on site conditions and must be addressed on a case-by-case basis.
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